Accurately Routing Large Circles

Accurately Routing Large CirclesThe problem – a poorly framed hole. I’m sure most of us have seen or used a router mounted on a pivoting board or arm to cut circles. This past spring I was handed a difficult assignment. Some one needed to mount five, 20″ diameter Tiffany glass circles in the walls of a new restaurant. Someone else had framed the holes very poorly, and the owner would not let me tear out the framing to build and install window frames to properly mount the circular glass. What’s unique about my jig is that it allows you to cut rings, not just circles. Here’s how I built it.

 

Accurately Routing Large CirclesThe solution – plywood rings and poly sheet sleeves. My solution was to make several rings of plywood with inner radii, and rabbets to hold the glass and tubes of 1/16″ poly sheets inserted through the wall to hide the ugly framing job, and an outer radius to complete the rings on both sides of the walls.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesHow to make very accurate circle cuts to within 1/16″?The next problem was how to make very accurate circle cuts to within 1/16″ diameters, make them for inner and outer radii, and repeat the exact process five times! Time for another jig.I made a moveable trunnion arm equipped with a plunge router.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesLay out jig and cut slots with plunge router and the completed jig layout. The jig is a large piece of 3/4″ plywood with several 1/4″ slots cut to accept 1/4″ carriage bolts. I laid out the pattern of the slots and the diameter of the rings, and used a plunge router to cut the slots.

Accurately Routing Large Circles The completed layout.

Accurately Routing Large Circles1-1/2″ oak block to be used as an axle bearing and centering hole guide. Next I mounted a block of 1-1/2″ thick oak, with a perfectly drilled 1/4″ hole, in the center of the underside of the plywood. This block of wood was the axle bearing for the pivot of the trunnion arm. It also was used to drill the center hole through the plywood blanks after the work had been secured to the base plate of the jig.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesThen I turned my attention to the router and the trunnion arm. I wanted a very stable and long trunnion arm to glide over large areas. I chose a piece of high quality 3/4″ plywood, 10″ wide and 34″ long.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesGroove and rabbet for pivot axle/trunnion and square nut.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesA rectangular nut will make adjustments much easier. Then I turned my attention to the router and the trunnion arm. I wanted a very stable and long trunnion arm to glide over large areas. I chose a piece of high quality 3/4″ plywood, 10″ wide and 34″ long. I took the base plate off my router to use it as a template to mark the screw holes in the trunnion arm. On the underside of the trunnion arm, I cut a groove to accept the 1/4″ x 6″ long carriage bolt that I used as the pivot axle, and a 1/2″ rabbet to hold a washer and rectangle nut.

View of trunnion arm and underneath of jig base. The top of the pivot axle was epoxied to a wooden knob. Another piece of 1-1/2″ oak was sandwiched between the knob and the trunnion arm. This enabled the pivot axle to be moved and tightened at any desired distance from the router bit, and helped insure a very stable pivot action as the router was cutting a circle. Photo 12 shows the jig ready to use, and Photo 13 shows the router and trunnion arm next to the underneath side of the jig.

 

Accurately Routing Large CirclesCarriage bolt epoxied to wooden knob, inserted through a block of oak.

Accurately Routing Large Circles Accurate measurements and adjustments can be made and locked in place.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesJig ready for use.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesView of trunnion arm and underneath of jig base.

Additional layout reference stick. I added a reinforcing frame under the base that doubled as legs to provide clearance for the axle and other bolts and wing nuts. Photo 14 shows the results of the first pass of an inner radius cut. I added a reference stick on the trunnion arm to keep the upper axle block square to hold an accurate reference mark on the trunnion arm. This reference mark located the exact center of the pivot axle, Photo 15. From then on, repeated accurate settings could be assured. Because of the number of rings needed, I added a second reference stick at the bottom of the base for a quicker set up.

Accurately Routing Large Circles First pass of inner radius.

Accurately Routing Large Circles Reference stick and center of axle.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesAdditional layout reference stick.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesAssortment of hold down blocks.

There are two things that make this jig unique. One is the large, stable trunnion arm and pivot axles, with repeated accurate adjustments, and two, was the hold down blocks that kept the rings centered during both inner and outer radii cuts. I made both notched blocks to hold the blanks from the outside and curved blocks to hold the rings after the inner radii were cut. 1/4″ carriage bolts and wing nuts were used to hold them in place where needed. I used 1/2″ plywood so as to not interfere with the travel of the trunnion arm.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesInner hold down blocks in use kept the ring centered and in place. I must confess that because my blanks were almost as big as the jig base, I screwed them directly to the base at the corners. BUT, the inner curved blocks performed perfectly to hold the rings in place while cutting the outside radii.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesThe jig in use.(No finger was cut in the making of this article.)The extra long, extra wide trunnion arm. paid off in very stable, accurate cuts, and I had plenty of control over the work. Oh, the bandage in this picture – I cut my finger at work, NOT in my shop!

It was a challenging but fun jig to make. I hope this helps others.

Accurately Routing Large CirclesHere are some finished product pictures:Accurately Routing Large Circles Accurately Routing Large Circles

Photos By Author

Jerry Seabaugh is a registered member of the WWGOA.

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